Wireless Time-Triggered Communication using a Firefly Clock Synchronization Approach

In South-East Asia, huge swarms of fireflies synchronously emit light flashes to attract mating partners. The underlying principle can be used to implement a robust and scalable distributed synchronization approach in wireless sensor networks.


AVR Z-Link Zigbee Nodes

In this work we implement the Firefly Algorithm on battery-powered low-cost wireless nodes to establish a time-triggered network with a global notion of time. This global notion of time is used by the protocol but also provides a service that can be used by real-time applications. The synchronized nodes perform a time-triggered communication, where the sending instant of each message is known a priori to all nodes. This enables the implementation of an energy-efficient low duty-cycle protocol, where sender and receiver units can be turned off during silent phases.


R. Leidenfrost and W. Elmenreich. Establishing wireless time-triggered communication using a firefly clock synchronization approach. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Intelligent Solutions in Embedded Systems, pages 227–244, Regensburg, Germany, July 2008.


About Wilfried Elmenreich

Understanding the communication networks of the future.
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